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Technology Enhanced Knowledge Research Institute (TEKRI)

TEKRI blogs

Cloud computing and adult literacy: How cloud computing can sustain the promise of adult learning

Rory McGreal's publications - 5 min 37 sec ago
Title: Cloud computing and adult literacy: How cloud computing can sustain the promise of adult learning

Authors: Richards, Griff; McGreal, Rory; Stewart, Brian; Sturm, Matthias

Abstract: Adult literacy in Canada consists of a patchwork of large and small adult education providers: many of them are autonomous community societies, some are school boards, and others are community college based, as well as a range of independent community-based groups. Funding for adult literacy comes from several pockets: from different provincial and/or federal government departments and from charitable organizations. Much of the federal funding is short term in response to shifting government priorities. Indeed, Crooks et al. [1] suggest that the ongoing funding search, with the attendant application and reporting activities, detracts from the ability to provide more effectively planned and sustainable adult education programs. A major challenge for adult literacy providers is that while their client base has significant human and economic potential, low-literacy adults are not perceived as large contributors to the economy, and thus, much of the funding is intermittent—from project to project.
Categories: Publications

Report on the assessment and accreditation of Learners using OER

Rory McGreal's publications - 5 min 37 sec ago
Title: Report on the assessment and accreditation of Learners using OER

Authors: Conrad, Dianne; Mackintosh, Wayne; McGreal, Rory; Murphy, Angela; Witthaus, Gabi

Abstract: This report shares the findings and lessons learned from an investigation into the economics of disaggregated models for assessing and accrediting informal learners, with particular attention to the OER University (OERu) consortium. It also relies on data from a small-scale survey conducted by two of the authors on perceptions, practices and policies relating to openness in assessment and accreditation in post-secondary institutions (Murphy & Witthaus, 2012). These investigations include the perceptions of stakeholders in post-secondary education towards the OERu concept, combined with a look at economic models for universities to consider in implementing OER assessment and accreditation policies.

Description: This is a pre-print draft of a report published by the Commonwealth of Learning, Fall 2013
Categories: Publications

Designing Mobile Learning Interventions for Language Learners

Terry Anderson's publications - 5 min 37 sec ago
Title: Designing Mobile Learning Interventions for Language Learners

Authors: Palas, Aga; Anderson, Terry

Abstract: This chapter presents a case of an EDR study completed at a Canadian community college and resulting in the development of an innovative educational intervention, Mobile–Enabled Language Learning Eco-System (MELLES), as well as corresponding MELLES design principles, which emerged from this interdisciplinary research experience. The first section of the chapter provides an overview of the educational problem targeted by the study, the purpose and outcomes of the research, as well as the overarching research question. The description of the EDR methodology then follows including its phases, cycles and micro-cycles. The MELLES study adopted the Integrative Learning Design Framework (IDLF) (Bannan, 2009) for design-based research and the corresponding nomenclature. Accordingly, we refer to the preliminary phase of conceptualization as Informed Exploration, followed by the design/development phase called Enactment, and the assessment phase referred to as Evaluation: Local Context. The Purpose and Outcomes and the Study Results sections of this chapter summarize the key outcomes of the study which included the development of a prototype MELLES educational intervention, replicable design principles guiding the creation of such an intervention, a refined theoretical framework of Ecological Constructivism and a comment on the professional development benefits reaped by the study participants and observers. With emphasis given to the praxis of the EDR approach, the Reflections section revisits the main features of the EDR method as distilled from our study, which demonstrates that EDR both enhanced the design and implementation of the study and was able to guide measurement of its efficacy in this context.

Description: Book chapter: full reference:Palalas, A., & Anderson, T. (2013). Designing Mobile Learning Interventions for Language Learners. In T. Plomp & N. Nieveen (Eds.), Educational design research). Enschede, NL: SLO. Retrieved from http://international.slo.nl/edr Book flyer at http://bit.ly/1d95a2f
Categories: Publications

NEXT GENERATION: TRANSFORMATION TO A 21ST CENTURY UNIVERSITY VIA CORE STRATEGIC PROJECTS

Rory McGreal's publications - 5 min 37 sec ago
Title: NEXT GENERATION: TRANSFORMATION TO A 21ST CENTURY UNIVERSITY VIA CORE STRATEGIC PROJECTS

Authors: Kennepohl, Dietmar; McGreal, Rory; Ives, Cindy; Stewart, Brian

Abstract: thabasca University (AU) is recreating itself as a 21st century university. As an open and distance learning (ODL) university, its mandate is to remove barriers to university-level education. This is the vision and institutional context for any changes. Herein, we describe a series of projects with particular focus on two recent major initiatives that challenged our capacity to deal with large complex programs. An analysis of the effect of the start-up and operation of these two major programs with particular emphasis on project management, organizational change, acceptance by the academy, and absorbing the additional work is given. We offer, in the form of lessons learned, our experience for successful systematic integration of ICTs within an open university. These lessons, we believe are relevant for technology integration at any large educational organization.
Categories: Publications

Findings from a survey of openness in assessment and accreditation practices in post-secondary institutions

Rory McGreal's publications - 5 min 37 sec ago
Title: Findings from a survey of openness in assessment and accreditation practices in post-secondary institutions

Authors: Murphy, Angela; Witthaus, Gabi

Abstract: This working paper shares the findings and lessons learned from a small-scale survey on perceptions, practices and policies relating to openness in assessment and accreditation in post-secondary institutions. The study was carried out jointly in mid-2012 by Dr Angela Murphy at the University of Southern Queensland (USQ), Australia, as part of the ORION project, and Gabi Witthaus at the University of Leicester as part of the TOUCANS study, which was a project in the SCORE programme in the UK. One of the aims of both projects was to ascertain perceptions of stakeholders in tertiary education towards the Open Educational Resources university (OERu) concept. The OERu is a global consortium of post-secondary institutions collaborating around the assessment and accreditation of learners’ achievements based on the study of OERs, with the aim of providing affordable opportunities on a massive scale for students who lack the financial means to access traditional higher education.
Categories: Publications

Digital resilience in higher education

Terry Anderson's publications - 5 min 37 sec ago
Title: Digital resilience in higher education

Authors: Weller, M.; Anderson, T.

Abstract: Higher education institutions face a number of opportunities and challenges as the result of the digital revolution. The institutions perform a number of scholarship functions which can be affected by new technologies, and the desire is to retain these functions where appropriate, whilst the form they take may change. Much of the reaction to technological change comes from those with a vested interest in either wholesale change or maintaining the status quo. Taking the resilience metaphor from ecology, the authors propose a framework for analysing an institution’s ability to adapt to digital challenges. This framework is examined at two institutions (the UK Open University and Canada’s Athabasca University) using two current digital challenges, namely Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) and Open Access publishing.
Categories: Publications

Disruptive Pedagogies and Technologies in Universities

Terry Anderson's publications - 5 min 37 sec ago
Title: Disruptive Pedagogies and Technologies in Universities

Authors: Anderson, Terry; McGreal, Rory

Abstract: This paper is a reaction to the increasing high cost of higher education and the resulting inaccessibility for the millions of potential learners now seeking opportunities for quality higher education opportunities. The paper examines the cost centers associated with campus-based and online education systems and then suggests that disaggregation may prove to be a cost-effective way to reduce tuition payments, while maintaining quality. The paper suggests that discount service models, now available to consumers in many industries may also be attractive in new models of higher education. The paper also briefly looks at the Open Educational Resources University initiative, a pilot, collaborative project attempting to test some of these innovations in a consortium of high quality, accredited public universities. Finally, we note both the disruptive characteristics of this model and commiserate opportunities for innovative providers of higher education.
Categories: Publications

VOICE INTERACTION ONLINE

Terry Anderson's publications - 5 min 37 sec ago
Title: VOICE INTERACTION ONLINE

Authors: Miyazoe, Terumi; Anderson, Terry

Abstract: This chapter examines the potential for voice activities to enhance online learning. Although research related to online writing tools (such as e-mail, discussion threads, blogs, and wikis) is growing and the use of synchronous and asynchronous voice tools (such as internet phone, VoiceThread and multimodal web conferencing) has developed rapidly, little is known about the effects of systematically implementing these voice tools in formal educational settings (Millard, 2010). This chapter first provides a brief overview of the available online voice systems, the design principles of online voice interaction, and prior research and frameworks regarding voice interaction in online and blended learning. It then reports on a study of a systematic application of an asynchronous voice recording system integrated into a learning management system in an undergraduate blended-learning English course. The research found that the voice system was adequately usable and was associated with a positive change in the students‘ perceptions of speaking English over the semester. Half of the students were reluctant to talk to an online program, whereas the other half were willing to do so. Regular use of online voice assignments encouraged high attendance rates for the in-person classes. This suggests the potential power of asynchronous online voice interaction to help support students‘ learning.
Categories: Publications

Understanding Mobile Learning at Athabasca University through MobiGlam (UMLAUT-M): Do the Benefits Justify the Cost and Time? at the 2008 International Conferfence on Mobile Learning

Mohammed Ally's publications - 5 min 37 sec ago
Title: Understanding Mobile Learning at Athabasca University through MobiGlam (UMLAUT-M): Do the Benefits Justify the Cost and Time? at the 2008 International Conferfence on Mobile Learning

Authors: Ally, Mohamed

Abstract: 1. The goal of the UMLAUT-M project is to investigate the viability and pedagogic usefulness of mobile access to online course materials. Although the project team is composed of researchers and programmers from the United Kingdom and Canada, the project itself is being conducted at a distance University in Canada. Students of this university receive textbooks, manuals, and other materials through the mail. Currently, there is some provision for person to person interaction through telephones, the learning management system (Moodle), and various other electronic tools. Yet, there remains an apparent lack of "connectedness" among learners because of the physical and temporal separation of the instructors and the learners. The project tested a system called MobiGlam which allows students to access Moodle courses through a variety of mobile devices such as cellular telephones, PDAs, and smartphones.

Description: This first presentation was attended by approximately 40 people from many countries. The first part of the paper presented information on why the research study was conducted while the second part of the paper presented details on the research study. Many attendees are starting to use Moodle as the Learning Management System (LMS) and are interested in finding out how AU is planning to use Moodle on mobile devices. At the end of the session there were questions on the implementation of Moodle on mobile devices. The time for the presentation was short. It would have been helpful to have a longer session.
Categories: Publications

Inductive Reasoning and Programming Visualization, an Experiment Proposal

Kinshuk's publications - 5 min 37 sec ago
Title: Inductive Reasoning and Programming Visualization, an Experiment Proposal

Authors: Moreno, A.; Myller, N.; Sutinen, E.; Lin, T.; Kinshuk

Abstract: We lay down plans to study how Inductive Reasoning Ability (IRA) affects the analyzing and understanding of Program Visualization (PV) systems. Current PV systems do not take into account the abilities of the user but show always the same visualization independently of the changing knowledge or abilities of the student. Thus, we propose IRA as an important skill when comprehending animation, which can be used to model the students and thus to adapt the visualization for different students. As an initial step we plan to check if IRA correlates with ability to answer program related questions during program visualization. We discuss the possible benefits of using IRA modeling in adaptive PV.
Categories: Publications

An initial framework of contexts for designing usable intelligent tutoring system

Kinshuk's publications - 5 min 37 sec ago
Title: An initial framework of contexts for designing usable intelligent tutoring system

Authors: Patel, A.; Russell, D.; Kinshuk; Oppermann, R.; Rashev, R.

Abstract: The notion of context has been an issue of research in various aspects of intelligent systems such as knowledge management, natural language processing, reasoning and so on. This paper focuses on the various contexts surrounding the design and use of Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS) and proposes an initial framework of contexts by classifying them into three major groupings: interactional, environmental and objectival contexts. Interactional contexts are used by the system, environmental contexts surround its design and use while objectival contexts refer to the objectives of an educational system as exhibited by its ‘teaching’ and ‘assessment’ practices. A better understanding of these contexts is essential for designing better and more usable intelligent tutoring systems.
Categories: Publications

Development of a user-friendly interface for the creation of user elements

Kinshuk's publications - 5 min 37 sec ago
Title: Development of a user-friendly interface for the creation of user elements

Authors: Kinshuk

Abstract: The solution of the basic equations relating stiffness, displacement and force in finite element analysis is not trivial, partially due to the large numbers of equations involved. Various techniques have been developed for this purpose and commercial finite element packages like Ansys resolve the equations and store the results quite efficiently and have large element libraries. If a particular element formulation is not found in the library of Ansys, the users can develop their own elements with the help of Fortran routines provided with Ansys. It should be emphasised that these routines are not at all user friendly and require considerable work every time a new type of element is needed. This paper describes the development of a user friendly program by interfacing the mathematical package Mathematica with Ansys to make the user element capability more or less generalised, and more efficient.
Categories: Publications

Intelligent Tutoring Tools in a Computer Integrated Learning Environment for introductory numeric disciplines

Kinshuk's publications - 5 min 37 sec ago
Title: Intelligent Tutoring Tools in a Computer Integrated Learning Environment for introductory numeric disciplines

Authors: Patel, A.; Kinshuk

Abstract: Research in the field of Intelligent Tutoring Systems has failed to provide any substantial or viable systems that could be used in real academic environments. This situation appears to be the result of two factors: first, the failure to identify clearly the objectives and the scope of such systems; and second, the continuously shifting technological platform on which such systems are built. This paper examines the possible objectives for the development of tutoring systems and presents an approach adopted by the Byzantium project. It describes a model of computer integrated learning environment (CILE) and discusses the role of an intelligent tutoring tool (ITT) within this model. The paper also considers the potential of the Internet for various learning environments. Based on our experience of designing and implementing four ITTs that have the same look and feel (but which address diverse subject areas) the paper suggests a possible extension of the Byzantium approach to the Internet through the conversion of ITTs into intelligent tutoring applets (ITAs).
Categories: Publications

The Right Circumstances for Multidisciplinary Research

Caroline Park's publications - 5 min 37 sec ago
Title: The Right Circumstances for Multidisciplinary Research

Authors: Park, Caroline
Categories: Publications

Mobile Learning in Nursing Practice Education: Applying Koole's FRAME Model

Caroline Park's publications - 5 min 37 sec ago
Title: Mobile Learning in Nursing Practice Education: Applying Koole's FRAME Model

Authors: Richard F. Kenny, Jocelyne M. C. Van Neste-Kenny, Caroline L. Park, Pamela A. Burton and Jan Meiers

Abstract: We report here on an exploratory formative evaluation of a project to integrate mobile learning into a Western Canadian college nursing program. Third-year students used Hewlett Packard iPAQ mobile devices for five weeks in a practice education course in April—May, 2007. Koole's (2009) Framework for the Rational Analysis of Mobile Education (FRAME) model provided our definition of mobile learning and was used to organize our presentation of the results of the study. Participants reported positively on the usability of the mobile devices, finding them easy to learn, readily portable, and the screen size sufficient for mobile specific programs. However, they had difficulty with the wireless connectivity and, despite an initial orientation, did not have time to fully learn the devices in the context of a busy course. As a result, it is not clear if students can effectively use the social technology provided by such devices or if mobile learning can support interaction between instructors and learners in this context. The use of mobile devices in nursing practice education is feasible, but further investigation is needed on the use of m-learning for communication and interactive purposes.
Categories: Publications

Replicating the Use of a Cognitive Presence Measurement Tool

Caroline Park's publications - 5 min 37 sec ago
Title: Replicating the Use of a Cognitive Presence Measurement Tool

Authors: Park, Caroline L.

Abstract: This paper is a report of the replication of a seminal study on cognitive presence in computer mediated conferencing (CMC) by Garrison, Anderson, and Archer (2001). A comparison of cognitive presence coding by three different researchers is also demonstrated. The study reignites debates about what constitutes the segment of CMC data to be coded and the objectivity of this type of data.
Categories: Publications

Home Births and Hospital Deliveries: A Comparison of the Perceived Painfulness of Parturition

Caroline Park's publications - 5 min 37 sec ago
Title: Home Births and Hospital Deliveries: A Comparison of the Perceived Painfulness of Parturition

Authors: Morse, Janice M.; Park, Caroline

Abstract: Cognitive assessments of the amount of pain associated with childbirth by parents electing either homebirth (n=282) or hospital delivery (n=191) were compared using Thurstone's univariate scaling method of paired comparisons. Subjects compared the pain of childbirth with 8 other painful events. The hospital birth group rated childbirth pain significanlly higher than the homebirth group. In the homebirth group, females considered the pain to be less than the males, and in the hospital birth group, the females rated pain higher than the males.
Categories: Publications

Toward Sustainable Funding in Higher Education

Brian Stewart's publications - 5 min 37 sec ago
Title: Toward Sustainable Funding in Higher Education

Authors: Stewart, Brian

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to layout a framework for the effective ongoing sustainable funding of ICT funding to Universities in particular and Higher Educational institutions in general. The approach taken is to provide a perspective on the role of infrastructure in supporting Higher Educational Institution’s core educational, research and administrative functions. The framework also articulates the composition of ICT infrastructure and derives a cost model for the provision of infrastructural services. The model is intended to be straightforward enabling ready adoption while also providing flexibility in order that it can be updated on a periodic basis to reflect changing technological demand and supply conditions.
Categories: Publications

Podcast: Using iPods to Enhance Learning Across the Curriculum

Brian Stewart's publications - 5 min 37 sec ago
Title: Podcast: Using iPods to Enhance Learning Across the Curriculum

Authors: Byrne, Gerry

Abstract: This presentation will discuss the impact of iPods in the college classroom. Two English composition classes taught the same curricula, using the same course objectives. One class was given iPods to keep class notes, assignments, supplemental information, and syllabus. The non-iPod class used traditional handouts, notes, and the Internet.
Categories: Publications

Process Improvement Guidebook

Brian Stewart's publications - 5 min 37 sec ago
Title: Process Improvement Guidebook
Categories: Publications