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Technology Enhanced Knowledge Research Institute (TEKRI)

TEKRI blogs

Lost in social space: Information retrieval issues in Web 1.5

Terry Anderson's publications - 1 hour 7 min ago
Title: Lost in social space: Information retrieval issues in Web 1.5

Authors: Dron, Jon; Anderson, Terry

Abstract: This paper is concerned with the application of Web 2.0 technologies within a conventional institutional learning setting. After considering the affordances of Web 2.0 technologies vs Web 1.0 technologies and a framework for viewing social software in terms of groups, networks and collectives, we describe an instance of trying to use Elgg, a rich social application, to support a distance-taught course within a conventional face-to-face university. A number of issues are identified, some of which are related to Elgg’s interface but the biggest of which relate to the tensions between top-down and bottom-up control and the shifting contexts of personal, group, network and collective modes of engagement. These problems suggest that, in their current form, social technologies pose intractable difficulties in information organisation and retrieval when used for formal learning. We propose a range of solutions that make use of the wisdom of the crowd combined with human intervention. This paper addresses and extends themes explored in SIRTEL 07.
Categories: Publications

Invited Commentary on Reusing Online Resources, Chapter 19: Reuse of Resources within Communities of Practice, by Rachel Harris and Carol Higgison.

Terry Anderson's publications - 1 hour 7 min ago
Title: Invited Commentary on Reusing Online Resources, Chapter 19: Reuse of Resources within Communities of Practice, by Rachel Harris and Carol Higgison.

Authors: Anderson, Terry

Abstract: The Online Tutoring Skills (OtiS) e-workshop described in this chapter makes a significant contribution to knowledge of how to effectively design and manage virtual conferences or e-workshops. In addition they provide a useful discussion and exemplar of means by which the content of these forums can be re-used and repackaged for wider and continuing use. The first contribution of the paper is a description of an innovative process for soliciting and evaluating content from within the community of practice. This excellent paper ends with a discussion of a series of issues that arose during the e-conference and that could be described as a first look at best practice guide for e-workshop designers. I liked the article and I appreciate the serious conceptual and physical work put into organizing and documenting for re-use this professional development initiative.
Categories: Publications

Invited Commentary on Reusing Online Resources, Chapter 17: A Comparison of Issues in Reuse of Resources in Schools and Colleges, by Allison Littlejohn, Insung Jung and Liz Broumley.

Terry Anderson's publications - 1 hour 7 min ago
Title: Invited Commentary on Reusing Online Resources, Chapter 17: A Comparison of Issues in Reuse of Resources in Schools and Colleges, by Allison Littlejohn, Insung Jung and Liz Broumley.

Authors: Anderson, Terry

Abstract: This chapter forces us to confront an issue that has long haunted education technology focused reformers ? what if we build it and nobody comes? Will learning objects end up alongside programmed learning machines, educational television, and video conferencing as technologies that were cool in their day, but never had anywhere near the impact on formal education that was predicted by early proponents. Perhaps the best way to ensure valued and valuable use of any technology is to ensure that lessons learned from early implementations are recycled back into design of subsequent products. Fortunately, we are yet in early times in the development of objects and thus the potential for both incremental and substantive change to the way we design and use these latest techniques is great. As importantly, the design and construction processes related to educational objects use and adoption are much different than the monolithic models of earlier technologies. Educational objects promise a flexibility of design and implementation that allows for and even demands creative input from both professional designers and practicing teachers. Thus, articles such as this one by Littlejohn, Jung and Broumley that not only document issues and concerns of early adopters but further provide new design models and heuristics are especially valuable.
Categories: Publications

Book Review of Delivering Digitally by Inglis, Ling and Joosten

Terry Anderson's publications - 1 hour 7 min ago
Title: Book Review of Delivering Digitally by Inglis, Ling and Joosten

Authors: Anderson, Terry

Abstract: We know that significant organizational change must have roots both at the top of an organization and “in the trenches” amongst those who must implement the change. In the middle lies a critical group of middle managers, directors and unit coordinators who are charged with defining and implementing both the broad plans and the minute details that create and sustain any change. It is to this later group that the second edition of Delivering Digitally is targeted.
Categories: Publications

OER Policies in Canada: A POERUP country report.

Rory McGreal's publications - 1 hour 7 min ago
Title: OER Policies in Canada: A POERUP country report.

Authors: Quirk, Diane; Anderson, Terry; McGreal, Rory

Abstract: This paper reports on the status of OER policies in Canadian government and higher education institutions, consisting of a POERUP (Policies for OER Uptake) Europroject country report on the existence of policy documents designed to support OER in the different provinces and their institutions. With the knowledge that there are not yet any governmental policies to support OER, open textbooks and few related activities in Canada, this report describes initiatives and/or policy statements that are currently being considered—or perhaps even in developmental stages—in higher education institutions and government.

Description: OpenCourseWare Consortium Global Meetings, OCWC Global Conference 2013, Bali, Indonesia, May 8-10.
Categories: Publications

Knowledge Series: Creating, Using and Sharing Open Educational Resources

Rory McGreal's publications - 1 hour 7 min ago
Title: Knowledge Series: Creating, Using and Sharing Open Educational Resources

Authors: McGreal, Rory

Abstract: Open Educational Resources (OER) are free learning resources available on the Internet. OER can be openly licensed or in the public domain, and can be used or reused for free. They can exist in many formats: text (either print or digital); audio, video, multimedia or hypermedia; or various combinations of these. They can be based on a single learning point, a lesson, a series of lessons (a module), a whole course or even an entire programme of study. They can support a specific learning methodology or approach — whether that be behaviourist, constructivist, connectivist, etc. — or any combination of methodologies or approaches. Although they may differ in format, structure or approach, they share a common characteristic: their openness. The Knowledge Series is a topical, start-up guide to distance education practice and delivery.
Categories: Publications

Introducing MOOCs to Africa: New Economy Skills for Africa Program

Rory McGreal's publications - 1 hour 7 min ago
Title: Introducing MOOCs to Africa: New Economy Skills for Africa Program

Authors: Boga, Sandi; McGreal, Rory

Abstract: MOOCs as a type of globally-networked learning environment (GNLE) could become a very useful delivery model in the developing world – but not necessarily when tied to a specific platform like Coursera. If developing countries allow themselves to be locked in to a certain MOOC platform, they may have to adhere to the foreign values put forth by the platform owners. As a result, developing nations may lose some of their autonomy and exclude potential local partners who may not be a part of the same platform (Siemens, 2013). This exclusivity will make developing countries vulnerable to the effects of cultural imperialism, and prevent true collaboration with other developing countries that may be facing similar issues.
Categories: Publications

Perspectives on Open and Distance Learning: Open Educational Resources: Innovation, Research and Practice

Rory McGreal's publications - 1 hour 7 min ago
Title: Perspectives on Open and Distance Learning: Open Educational Resources: Innovation, Research and Practice

Authors: McGreal, Rory; Kinutha, Wanjira; Marshall, Stewart

Abstract: Open Educational Resources (OER) – that is, teaching, learning and research materials that their owners make free to others to use, revise and share – offer a powerful means of expanding the reach and effectiveness of worldwide education. Those resources can be full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, software, and other materials and techniques used to promote and support universal access to knowledge. This book, initiated by the UNESCO/COL Chair in OER, is one in a series of publications by the Commonwealth of Learning (COL) examining OER. It describes the movement in detail, providing readers with insight into OER’s significant benefits, its theory and practice, and its achievements and challenges. The 16 chapters, written by some of the leading international experts on the subject, are organised into four parts by theme: OER in Academia – describes how OER are widening the international community of scholars, following MIT’s lead in sharing its resources and looking to the model set by the OpenCourseWare Consortium OER in Practice – presents case studies and descriptions of OER initiatives underway on three continents Diffusion of OER – discusses various approaches to releasing and “opening” content, from building communities of users that support lifelong learning to harnessing new mobile technologies that enhance OER access on the Internet Producing, Sharing and Using OER – examines the pedagogical, organisational, personal and technical issues that producing organisations and institutions need to address in designing, sharing and using OER Instructional designers, curriculum developers, educational technologists, teachers, researchers, students, others involved in creating, studying or using OER: all will find this timely resource informative and inspiring.
Categories: Publications

Understanding Mobile Learning at Athabasca University through MobiGlam (UMLAUT-M): Do the Benefits Justify the Cost and Time? at the 2008 International Conferfence on Mobile Learning

Mohammed Ally's publications - 1 hour 7 min ago
Title: Understanding Mobile Learning at Athabasca University through MobiGlam (UMLAUT-M): Do the Benefits Justify the Cost and Time? at the 2008 International Conferfence on Mobile Learning

Authors: Ally, Mohamed

Abstract: 1. The goal of the UMLAUT-M project is to investigate the viability and pedagogic usefulness of mobile access to online course materials. Although the project team is composed of researchers and programmers from the United Kingdom and Canada, the project itself is being conducted at a distance University in Canada. Students of this university receive textbooks, manuals, and other materials through the mail. Currently, there is some provision for person to person interaction through telephones, the learning management system (Moodle), and various other electronic tools. Yet, there remains an apparent lack of "connectedness" among learners because of the physical and temporal separation of the instructors and the learners. The project tested a system called MobiGlam which allows students to access Moodle courses through a variety of mobile devices such as cellular telephones, PDAs, and smartphones.

Description: This first presentation was attended by approximately 40 people from many countries. The first part of the paper presented information on why the research study was conducted while the second part of the paper presented details on the research study. Many attendees are starting to use Moodle as the Learning Management System (LMS) and are interested in finding out how AU is planning to use Moodle on mobile devices. At the end of the session there were questions on the implementation of Moodle on mobile devices. The time for the presentation was short. It would have been helpful to have a longer session.
Categories: Publications

Inductive Reasoning and Programming Visualization, an Experiment Proposal

Kinshuk's publications - 1 hour 7 min ago
Title: Inductive Reasoning and Programming Visualization, an Experiment Proposal

Authors: Moreno, Andres; Myller, Niko; Sutinen, Erkki; Lin, Taiyu; Kinshuk

Abstract: We lay down plans to study how Inductive Reasoning Ability (IRA) affects the analyzing and understanding of Program Visualization (PV) systems. Current PV systems do not take into account the abilities of the user but show always the same visualization independently of the changing knowledge or abilities of the student. Thus, we propose IRA as an important skill when comprehending animation, which can be used to model the students and thus to adapt the visualization for different students. As an initial step we plan to check if IRA correlates with ability to answer program related questions during program visualization. We discuss the possible benefits of using IRA modeling in adaptive PV.
Categories: Publications

An initial framework of contexts for designing usable intelligent tutoring system

Kinshuk's publications - 1 hour 7 min ago
Title: An initial framework of contexts for designing usable intelligent tutoring system

Authors: Patel, Ashok; Russell, David; Kinshuk; Oppermann, Reinhard; Rashev, Rossen

Abstract: The notion of context has been an issue of research in various aspects of intelligent systems such as knowledge management, natural language processing, reasoning and so on. This paper focuses on the various contexts surrounding the design and use of Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS) and proposes an initial framework of contexts by classifying them into three major groupings: interactional, environmental and objectival contexts. Interactional contexts are used by the system, environmental contexts surround its design and use while objectival contexts refer to the objectives of an educational system as exhibited by its ‘teaching’ and ‘assessment’ practices. A better understanding of these contexts is essential for designing better and more usable intelligent tutoring systems.
Categories: Publications

Development of a user-friendly interface for the creation of user elements

Kinshuk's publications - 1 hour 7 min ago
Title: Development of a user-friendly interface for the creation of user elements

Authors: Kinshuk

Abstract: The solution of the basic equations relating stiffness, displacement and force in finite element analysis is not trivial, partially due to the large numbers of equations involved. Various techniques have been developed for this purpose and commercial finite element packages like Ansys resolve the equations and store the results quite efficiently and have large element libraries. If a particular element formulation is not found in the library of Ansys, the users can develop their own elements with the help of Fortran routines provided with Ansys. It should be emphasised that these routines are not at all user friendly and require considerable work every time a new type of element is needed. This paper describes the development of a user friendly program by interfacing the mathematical package Mathematica with Ansys to make the user element capability more or less generalised, and more efficient.
Categories: Publications

Intelligent Tutoring Tools in a Computer Integrated Learning Environment for introductory numeric disciplines

Kinshuk's publications - 1 hour 7 min ago
Title: Intelligent Tutoring Tools in a Computer Integrated Learning Environment for introductory numeric disciplines

Authors: Patel, Ashok; Kinshuk

Abstract: Research in the field of Intelligent Tutoring Systems has failed to provide any substantial or viable systems that could be used in real academic environments. This situation appears to be the result of two factors: first, the failure to identify clearly the objectives and the scope of such systems; and second, the continuously shifting technological platform on which such systems are built. This paper examines the possible objectives for the development of tutoring systems and presents an approach adopted by the Byzantium project. It describes a model of computer integrated learning environment (CILE) and discusses the role of an intelligent tutoring tool (ITT) within this model. The paper also considers the potential of the Internet for various learning environments. Based on our experience of designing and implementing four ITTs that have the same look and feel (but which address diverse subject areas) the paper suggests a possible extension of the Byzantium approach to the Internet through the conversion of ITTs into intelligent tutoring applets (ITAs).
Categories: Publications

The Right Circumstances for Multidisciplinary Research

Caroline Park's publications - 1 hour 7 min ago
Title: The Right Circumstances for Multidisciplinary Research

Authors: Park, Caroline L.
Categories: Publications

Mobile Learning in Nursing Practice Education: Applying Koole's FRAME Model

Caroline Park's publications - 1 hour 7 min ago
Title: Mobile Learning in Nursing Practice Education: Applying Koole's FRAME Model

Authors: Kenny, Richard F.; Van Neste-Kenny, Jocelyne M.C.; Park, Caroline L.; Burton, Pamela A.; Meiers, Jan

Abstract: We report here on an exploratory formative evaluation of a project to integrate mobile learning into a Western Canadian college nursing program. Third-year students used Hewlett Packard iPAQ mobile devices for five weeks in a practice education course in April—May, 2007. Koole's (2009) Framework for the Rational Analysis of Mobile Education (FRAME) model provided our definition of mobile learning and was used to organize our presentation of the results of the study. Participants reported positively on the usability of the mobile devices, finding them easy to learn, readily portable, and the screen size sufficient for mobile specific programs. However, they had difficulty with the wireless connectivity and, despite an initial orientation, did not have time to fully learn the devices in the context of a busy course. As a result, it is not clear if students can effectively use the social technology provided by such devices or if mobile learning can support interaction between instructors and learners in this context. The use of mobile devices in nursing practice education is feasible, but further investigation is needed on the use of m-learning for communication and interactive purposes.
Categories: Publications

Replicating the Use of a Cognitive Presence Measurement Tool

Caroline Park's publications - 1 hour 7 min ago
Title: Replicating the Use of a Cognitive Presence Measurement Tool

Authors: Park, Caroline L.

Abstract: This paper is a report of the replication of a seminal study on cognitive presence in computer mediated conferencing (CMC) by Garrison, Anderson, and Archer (2001). A comparison of cognitive presence coding by three different researchers is also demonstrated. The study reignites debates about what constitutes the segment of CMC data to be coded and the objectivity of this type of data.
Categories: Publications

Home Births and Hospital Deliveries: A Comparison of the Perceived Painfulness of Parturition

Caroline Park's publications - 1 hour 7 min ago
Title: Home Births and Hospital Deliveries: A Comparison of the Perceived Painfulness of Parturition

Authors: Morse, Janice M.; Park, Caroline L.

Abstract: Cognitive assessments of the amount of pain associated with childbirth by parents electing either homebirth (n=282) or hospital delivery (n=191) were compared using Thurstone's univariate scaling method of paired comparisons. Subjects compared the pain of childbirth with 8 other painful events. The hospital birth group rated childbirth pain significanlly higher than the homebirth group. In the homebirth group, females considered the pain to be less than the males, and in the hospital birth group, the females rated pain higher than the males.
Categories: Publications

Toward Sustainable Funding in Higher Education

Brian Stewart's publications - 1 hour 7 min ago
Title: Toward Sustainable Funding in Higher Education

Authors: Stewart, Brian

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to layout a framework for the effective ongoing sustainable funding of ICT funding to Universities in particular and Higher Educational institutions in general. The approach taken is to provide a perspective on the role of infrastructure in supporting Higher Educational Institution’s core educational, research and administrative functions. The framework also articulates the composition of ICT infrastructure and derives a cost model for the provision of infrastructural services. The model is intended to be straightforward enabling ready adoption while also providing flexibility in order that it can be updated on a periodic basis to reflect changing technological demand and supply conditions.
Categories: Publications

Podcast: Using iPods to Enhance Learning Across the Curriculum

Brian Stewart's publications - 1 hour 7 min ago
Title: Podcast: Using iPods to Enhance Learning Across the Curriculum

Authors: Byrne, Gerry

Abstract: This presentation will discuss the impact of iPods in the college classroom. Two English composition classes taught the same curricula, using the same course objectives. One class was given iPods to keep class notes, assignments, supplemental information, and syllabus. The non-iPod class used traditional handouts, notes, and the Internet.
Categories: Publications

Process Improvement Guidebook

Brian Stewart's publications - 1 hour 7 min ago
Title: Process Improvement Guidebook
Categories: Publications